U.S. Public Education Spending Statistics

Report Highlights. Public education spending in the United States falls short of global benchmarks and lags behind economic growth; K-12 schools spend $586.4 billion or $14,455 per pupil annually.

  • Federal, state, and local governments budget $584.9 billion or $14,418 per pupil to fund K-12 public education.
  • The difference between spending and funding is $1.50 billion or $37 per pupil.
  • The federal government provides 7.0% of funding for public K-12 education.
  • Public postsecondary schools spend an average of $21,039 per pupil.
  • The national average for spending on K-12 schools is 3.1% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

*Percentage totals do not always equal 100 due to rounding.

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National Map: Public K-12 Spending Per Student, by state

Related research includes  K-12 Enrollment and Student Population | Average Cost of Private School | Average Cost of College | Average Cost of Community College

Spending per Pupil on Education Data Initiative

Public Education Spending Statistics

Public education spending at the national level services 49.4 million K-12 students and 19.4 million postsecondary students. It is normal for spending totals to undercut public funding totals to a degree or vice-versa. Funding for public education comes from local municipalities, state budgets, and the federal government. 

  • K-12 public schools spend $14,455 per pupil.
  • Public K-12 expenditures total $586.4 billion.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 3.53% of taxpayer income.
  • K-12 schools nationwide receive $40.83 billion total or $1,009 per pupil from the federal government.
  • States contribute a total of $274.7 billion to K-12 public education or $6,789 per student.
  • Local governments contribute $269.3 billion total or $6,656 per student.
  • Federal public education funding is equivalent to 0.20% of total taxpayer income.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 2.62%.
  • Federal, state, and local governments budget $584.9 billion or $14,418 per pupil to fund K-12 public education.
  • The difference between spending and funding is $1.50 billion or $37 per pupil.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $21,039 per pupil, 28.44% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,610 per student.
  • States and local governments contribute $1,245 per student.
  • Tuition accounts for 19.90% of all funding.
  • 7.09% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • 2-year community colleges spend 15.32% of what 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

U.S. and World Education Spending

In the United States, education spending falls short of benchmarks set by international organizations such as UNESCO, of which the U.S. is a member. The nation puts 11.6% of public funding toward education, well below the international standard 15.00%. In postsecondary education however, the U.S. spends more than any other country at $33,180 per full-time student.

  • Schools in the United States spend an average of $12,624 per pupil, which is the fifth-highest amount per pupil among the 37 other developed nations in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
  • In terms of a percentage of its gross domestic product (GDP), the United States ranks 12th among OECD members in spending on elementary education.
  • The United States does not meet UNESCO’s benchmark of a 15.00% share of total public expenditure on education.
  • In terms of early childhood education, the United States is one of six (6) countries that do not report any educational spending.
  • In terms of postsecondary education, the United States spends 2.6 percent of its GDP on total expenditures for college and universities. 
  • Luxembourg spends US$22,700 per pupil, which is more than any of the other OECD nations spend on education.
  • African nations spend the highest amount on education in terms of a percentage of GDP.
  • At 4.96%, the United States spends a smaller percentage of its GDP on education than other developed nations, which average 5.59% of GDP in educational spending.
Snapshot: Global Educational Spending Per Pupil
Country Elementary Schools Secondary Schools
Luxembourg $21,143 $25,421
Korea $12,535 $14,978
France $8,724 $13,006
Slovenia $9,385 $9,772
Spain $8,329 $10,290
Mexico $2,958 $3,129
Colombia $3,178 $2,878
Indonesia $1,514 $1,435

Line Graph: U.S. Department of Education Annual Education Budget in billions US$, from 2001 (23.8 for elementary and secondary, 11.9 for postsecondary and postgraduate, and 38.2 for other educational programs) to 2019 (40.1 for elembary and secondary, 33.8 for postsecondary and postgraduate, and 7.2 for other educational programs)

Public Education Spending by State

Education spending refers to the money spent by public schools. This may include teacher and administrator salaries, supplies, building maintenance, field trips, etc. These numbers refer to how much money has a direct impact on public school students.

  • New York schools spend the most on K-12 education per pupil.
  • New Mexico spends the most on postsecondary education.
  • Alabama K-12 schools spend the most in terms of a percentage of taxpayer income.
  • District of Columbia K-12 public school students receive the second-most expensive education.
  • North Dakota K-12 schools spend the least in terms of a percentage of local taxpayer income.
  • New Hampshire makes the most of its funding for K-12 education, having no funds per pupil leftover after spending on students.
Public Educational Spending From Highest to Lowest Total Average Spent Per Pupil
State K-12 Spending Postsecondary Spending
New York $25,520 $15,414
District of Columbia $22,856 $1,717
Connecticut $21,346 $20,437
Vermont $21,314 $22,324
New Jersey $20,630 $20,937
New Hampshire $18,952 $5,789
Alaska $18,313 $34,811
Massachusetts $18,269 $11,073
Illinois $17,340 $16,878
Pennsylvania $17,142 $22,331
Rhode Island $17,024 $10,393
Wyoming $16,698 $26,172
Hawaii $15,205 $31,158
Maine $15,070 $12,708
Delaware $14,757 $23,540
Maryland $14,644 $20,539
Washington $14,556 $28,987
California $14,053 $20,527
Ohio $13,805 $22,505
Minnesota $13,603 $24,280
North Dakota $13,550 $22,556
Michigan $13,072 $33,815
Nebraska $13,004 $19,919
Virginia $12,905 $19,927
Kansas $12,697 $18,295
Wisconsin $12,466 $20,592
Montana $12,105 $23,665
Iowa $11,958 $28,349
West Virginia $11,757 $13,650
Louisiana $11,691 $17,701
Colorado $11,540 $20,527
Kentucky $11,397 $23,260
Oregon $11,340 $33,166
Missouri $11,249 $23,665
Georgia $10,769 $16,672
South Carolina $10,658 $16,977
Arkansas $10,345 $27,206
South Dakota $10,234 $16,977
Alabama $10,116 $28,027
Indiana $10,019 $18,035
New Mexico $9,987 $35,730
North Carolina $9,958 $20,288
Florida $9,937 $12,915
Mississippi $9,654 $28,524
Texas $9,613 $23,437
Tennessee $9,546 $14,680
Oklahoma $9,512 $22,694
Nevada $8,915 $15,797
Arizona $8,766 $11,728
Idaho $8,272 $11,389
Utah $7,478 $18,849

National Map of Public K-12 Spending as a Percentage of State Taxpayer Income

Public Education Funding by State

Educational funding or financing refers to how much money goes into schools, also sometimes referred to as revenue or income. Financing influences spending, but states rarely spend 100% of their public school funding. States will often sent a biannual budget for education and allocate at least 35% of the state budget towards K-12 schools. 

  • Alaska receives the most funding per pupil from the federal government.
  • The District of Columbia receives the second-most federal funding.
  • Utah receives the lowest amount per pupil from the federal government.
  • Colorado receives the second-lowest amount per pupil in federal funding.
  • Vermont’s state government spends the most per pupil of any state government to finance education.
  • Hawaii supplies the second-most state funding.
  • South Dakota’s state government supplies the lowest amount of educational financing per pupil.
Public Educational Funding Per Student From Most to Least Federal Funding
State Federal Funding State & Local Funding
Alaska $2,678  $15,648
District of Columbia $2,160 $30,293
Louisiana $1,621 $11,212
New Mexico $1,619 $10,479
North Dakota $1,508 $14,327
Hawaii $1,492 $16,558
West Virginia $1,433 $11,709
South Dakota $1,415 $8,787
Montana $1,415 $9,959
Vermont $1,300 $19,134
Pennsylvania $1,298 $17,382
Rhode Island $1,295 $16,977
Arkansas $1,253 $10,358
Kentucky $1,238 $9,727
Wyoming $1,235 $18,074
Texas $1,227 $10,412
California $1,224 $13,384
Florida $1,206 $9,375
Alabama $1,198 $9,634
South Carolina $1,174 $12,269
Illinois $1,167 $17,648
Michigan $1,164 $12,744
Arizona $1,159 $8,158
Tennessee $1,158 $9,341
New York $1,145  $25,651
Delaware $1,097 $16,490
Ohio $1,078 $13,912
Georgia $1,068 $11,089
Maine $1,061  $14,960
North Carolina $1,059  $8,671
Nebraska $1,053 $13,140
Kansas $1,052 $12,462
Missouri $1,031  $11,896
Oklahoma $1,012 $8,554
Iowa $987  $12,705
Indiana $966 $11,609
Wisconsin $965  $12,815
Mississippi $964 $6,452
Oregon $948  $12,981
New Hampshire $948 $16,950
Maryland $948 $16,876
Washington $940 $14,227
Connecticut $938 $20,934
Massachusetts $931 $18,112
New Jersey $925 $21,559
Nevada $901 $9,671
Virginia $853  $12,364
Idaho $847  $7,946
Minnesota $842 $14,501
Colorado $772  $11,524
Utah $672 $8,301

Line Graph: U.S. Department of Education Total Annual PUblic Education Budget from 1980 ($10.9 billion) to 2020 ($72.7 billion), low in 1999 at $3.5 billion, high in 2010 at $192.3 billion

Public Education Spending in Alabama 

Alabama spends comparatively little on education in terms of dollars-per-pupil and in terms of percentage of taxpayers’ personal income. The state ranks 19th in federal funding and 38th in school spending. Alabama determines its funding through a resource-based funding formula rather than a base per-student amount.  

  • Alabama K-12 schools spend $10,116 per pupil for a total of $8.51 billion annually.
  • That is equivalent to 1.6% of taxpayer income.
  • Alabama K-12 schools receive $936.1 million from the federal government, or $1,113 per student
  • State funding totals $4.94 billion or $5,872 per student.
  • Local funding totals $2.84 billion or $3,376 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 1.4% of Alabama’s taxpayer income.
  • Alabama’s federal education funding is equivalent to 0.9% of the state’s taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Alabama totals $8.72 billion or $10,361 per pupil.
  • Alabama has $210 million or $245 per pupil left over after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $28,027 per pupil, 21.11% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $2,665 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $913 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 22.70% of all funding.
  • 6.22% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Alabama’s 2-year community colleges spend 9.87% of what 4-year public colleges spend annually.

Public Education Spending in Alaska

Alaska spends the 2nd most on K-12 education in terms of percentage of taxpayer income and ranks 7th overall in the most spending per pupil. Alaska’s schools rank 9th in total funding and is the most dependent on federal funding. In comparison to other states, Alaska has small schools, high healthcare costs, and high energy costs that affect operating costs.  

  • Alaskan K-12 public schools spend $18,313 per pupil for a total of $2.61 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1.4% of taxpayer income.
  • Alaska K-12 schools receive $381.7 million, or $2,678 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $1.66 billion or $11,647 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $570.2 million or $4,001 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 1.2% of Alaska’s taxpayer income.
  • Alaska’s federal education funding is equivalent to 0.2% of the state’s taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Alaska totals $2.23 billion or $18,326 per pupil.
  • Alaska spends $380 million or $13 per pupil more than the funds it has.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $34,811 per pupil, 30.47% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $5,386 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $2,753 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 15.99% of all funding.
  • 4.58% of all postsecondary funding in Alaska comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.

Public Education Spending in Arizona

Arizona schools spend less on K-12 education than the national average. The state’s government also spends less on education per capita. Arizona ranks 47th in total spending and in funding.

  • Arizona K-12 schools spend $8,766 per pupil for a total of $9.88 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.6% of taxpayer income.
  • Arizona K-12 schools receive $1.23 billion, or $1,091 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $4.46 billion or $3,957 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $4.41 billion or $3,913 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.6% of Arizona’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to 0.07% of the state’s taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Arizona totals $10.1 billion or $8,961 per pupil.
  • Arizona has $220 million or $195 per pupil left in funding after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $11,728 per pupil, 33.86% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,069 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $468 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 34.24% of all funding.
  • 6.34% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Arizona’s 2-year community colleges spend 25.13% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

National Map: Federal Public K-12 Education Funding Per Student

Public Education Spending in Arkansas

Arkansas schools spend less per K-12 pupil than the national average. The state ranks 36th in spending and 37th in funding. Roughly 10.4% of Arkansas local and state funds are tied in with grants.

  • Arkansas K-12 schools spend $10,345 per pupil for a total of $5.85 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1% of taxpayer income.
  • Arkansas K-12 schools receive $600.6 million, or $1,062 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $4.24 billion or $7,498 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $792.8 million or $1,402 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Arkansas’ taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .09% of the state’s taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Arkansas totals $5.63 billion or $9,962 per pupil.
  • Arkansas spends $220 million or $383 per pupil over its funding budget.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $27,206 per pupil, 22.60% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,598 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,146 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 14.12% of all funding.
  • 7.40% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Arkansas’ 2-year community colleges spend 11.90% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in California

California receives little federal funding per K-12 student. California ranks 17th in spending and 20th in funding. California has adopted the Local Control Funding Formula in 2013, allocating additional funds to districts with children who are either low-income, homeless, fostered, or learning English.  

  • California K-12 schools spend $14,053 per pupil for a total of $95.44 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.8% of taxpayer income.
  • California K-12 schools receive $7.80 billion, or $1,149 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $52.45 billion or $8,017 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $35.03 billion or $5,158 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.7% of California’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .07% of the state’s taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in California totals $95.28 billion or $14,324 per pupil.
  • California saves $160 million or $271 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $27,235 per pupil, 23.90% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,436 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,600 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 12.41% of all funding.
  • 3.71% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • California’s 2-year community colleges spend 22.81% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

National Map: State Public K-12 Education Funding Per Student

Public Education Spending in Colorado 

Colorado K-12 schools spend less per pupil than the national average. The federal government also spends less per capita on Colorado’s education. Colorado ranks 30th in spending and 33rd in funding.

  • K-12 schools spend $11,540 per pupil for a total of $13.02 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.8% of taxpayer income.
  • Colorado K-12 schools receive $791.4  million, or $702 per pupil from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $5.50 billion or $4,875 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $6.74 billion, or $5,974 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Colorado’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .05% of the state’s taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Colorado totals $13.03 billion, or $11,551 per pupil.
  • Colorado saves $10 million, or $11 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $20,527 per pupil, 32.66 % of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $3,115 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $2,347 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 29.74% of all funding.
  • 8.05% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Colorado’s 2-year community colleges spend 2.82% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Connecticut 

Connecticut K-12 schools spend more per pupil than most other states. The state receives comparatively little in federal funding. Connecticut ranks 2nd in spending and 3rd in funding.

  • K-12 schools spend $21,346 per pupil for a total of $11.58 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1% of taxpayer income.
  • Connecticut K-12 schools receive $469.8 million, or $866 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $4.49 billion or $8,277 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $7.09 billion or $13,069 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 1% of Connecticut’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .04% of the state’s taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Connecticut totals $12.05 billion or $22,212 per pupil.
  • Connecticut saves $470 million, or $866 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $20,437 per pupil, 30.18% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,027 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $528 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 20.74% of all funding.
  • 8.23% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Connecticut’s 2-year community colleges spend 14.93% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Delaware

Delaware spends more per K-12 pupil than the national average. The state ranks 14th in spending and in funding. The state portion of funding pays for salaries and general costs, while the local portion of funding pays for capital projects, charter payments, and general operations.  

  • Delaware K-12 schools spend $14,757 per pupil for a total of $2.01 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.9% of taxpayer income.
  • Delaware K-12 schools receive $149.5 million, or $1,097 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $1.58 billion or $11,600 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $666 million or $4,890 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 1% of Delaware’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .06% of the state’s taxpayer income.
  • Funding for Delaware K-12 education totals $2.40 billion or $17,587 per pupil.
  • Delaware saves $390 million, or $2,830 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $23,540 per pupil, 44.30% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $2,482 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,511 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 35.26% of all funding.
  • 10.79% of all postsecondary funding in Delaware comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.

National Map: Local Public K-12 Education Funding Per Student

Public Education Spending in the District of Columbia

While District of Columbia K-12 schools spend more per pupil than most schools nationwide, these schools spend the least in terms of a percentage of taxpayer income. If D.C. where ranked among the states, it would be 1st in funding and 2nd in spending. D.C. schools are the most dependent on local funding, and receive the second-most federal funding per student.

  • District of Columbia K-12 schools spend $22,856 per pupil for a total of $1.26 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.5% of taxpayer income.
  • District of Columbia K-12 schools receive $119.1 million, or $2,160 per pupil from the federal government.
  • Local funding totals $1.67 billion, or $30,293 per pupil.
  • Local funding is equivalent to 0.6% of the District of Columbia’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .04% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in the District of Columbia totals $1.79 billion, or $32,453 per pupil.
  • Washington D.C. saves $530 million, or $9,597 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $1,717 per pupil, 23.25% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $131 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $65.96 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 18.91% of all funding.
  • 0.27% of all postsecondary funding in D.C. comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.

Public Education Spending in Florida

Florida receives the second-largest amount of federal K-12 education funding. The state government funds education at a lower per-capita rate. Florida ranks 42nd in spending and 41st in funding.

  • Florida K-12 schools spend $9,937 per pupil for a total of $32.62 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.6% of taxpayer income.
  • Florida K-12 schools receive $3.39 billion or $1,033 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $12.41 billion or $3,780 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $16.92 billion or $5,154 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.6% of Florida’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .06% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Florida totals $32.72 billion or $9,967 per pupil.
  • Florida saves $100 million, or $30 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary schools is $2.75 billion or $965 per pupil.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $12,915 per pupil, 31.71% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Among postsecondary schools, federal funding averages $1,172 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,295 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 17.29% of all funding.
  • 6.70% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Florida’s 2-year community colleges spend 1.50% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Georgia

Georgia K-12 schools spend less per pupil than the nationwide average. Georgia ranks 34th in spending and in funding. Roughly 40% of Georgia’s state budget is allocated to K-12 schools. 

  • Georgia K-12 schools spend $10,769 per pupil for a total of $19.03 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.8% of taxpayer income.
  • Georgia K-12 schools receive $1.89 billion, or $1,068 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $10.05 billion or $5,688 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $9.54 billion, or $5,401.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Georgia’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .08% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Georgia totals $21.48 billion or $12,157 per pupil.
  • Georgia saves $2.45 billion, or $1,388 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $16,672 per pupil, 27.47% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,817 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,347 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 22.98% of all funding.
  • 9.43% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Georgia’s 2-year community colleges spend 11% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

National Map: Public K-12 Total Funding Per Student

Public Education Spending in Hawaii 

Hawaii spends more per K-12 pupil than most other states. The state ranks 12th in spending and 11th in funding. Hawaii is the only state with a single school district. 

  • Hawaii K-12 schools spend $15,205 per pupil for a total of $2.76 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.8% of taxpayer income.
  • K-12 schools receive $260.5 million or $1,492 per pupil from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $2.94 billion or $16,223 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $60.79 million or $335 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 1.02% of Hawaii’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .07% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Hawaii totals $3.81 billion, or $18,050 per pupil.
  • Hawaii saves $1.05 billion, or $2,845 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $31,158 per pupil, 34.92% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $5,113 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,551 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 14.05% of all funding.
  • 5.04% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Hawaii’s 2-year community colleges spend 18.42% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Idaho 

Idaho ranks 49th in terms of K-12 spending and funding. The state allocates 63% of its funding towards education. Idaho has more school-age children relative to working adults than 48 other states which contributes to Idaho’s low ranking in money per pupil.   

  • Idaho K-12 schools spend $8,272 per pupil for a total of $2.60 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.7% of taxpayer income.
  • Idaho K-12 schools receive $263.5 million, or $838 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $1.84 billion or $5,854 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $733.9 million, or $2,335 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.7% of Idaho’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .07% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Idaho totals $2.84 billion, or $9,027 per pupil.
  • Idaho saves $240 million, or $755 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $11,389 per pupil, 36.39% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,087 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $381 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 26.91% of all funding.
  • 7.64% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Idaho’s 2-year community colleges spend 12.30% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Illinois

Illinois ranks 8th in K-12 school spending and 7th in funding. Illinois schools receive more state and local funding in terms of a percentage of taxpayer income. Local property taxes make up the bulk of local funding, two-thirds of funding come from local sources. 

  • Illinois K-12 schools spend $17,340 per pupil for a total of $37.90 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1.1% of taxpayer income.
  • Illinois K-12 schools receive $2.40 billion, or $1,098 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $15.72 billion or $7,192 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $20.00 billion or $9,150 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 1.1% of Illinois’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .07% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Illinois totals $38.12 billion or $17,440 per pupil.
  • Illinois saves $220 million, or $100 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $16,878 per pupil, 33.68% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,157 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $540 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 19.39% of all funding.
  • 6.79% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Illinois’ 2-year community colleges spend 39.69% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

National Map: Public K-12 State+Local Funding as a Percentage of Taxpayer Income

Public Education Spending in Indiana

Indiana ranks 39th in K-12 school spending and 32nd in funding. The state receives relatively little from the federal government. Indiana is 3rd in the amount of its state budget allocated towards K-12 education. 

  • Indiana K-12 schools spend $10,019 per pupil for a total of $10.58 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.7% of taxpayer income.
  • Indiana K-12 schools receive $1.02 million, or $966 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $8.29 billion or $7,853 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $3.96 billion or $3,756 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Indiana’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to less than .01% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Indiana totals $12.35 billion or $12,575 per pupil.
  • Indiana saves $1.77 billion or $2,556 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $18,035 per pupil, 39.46% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,513 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $846 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 34.04% of all funding.
  • 9.29% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Indiana’s 2-year community colleges spend 7.71% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Iowa

Iowa ranks 27th in K-12 school spending and 25th in funding. Iowa spends more when taken as a percentage of taxpayer income. School funding accounts for 43% of the state budget. 

  • Iowa K-12 schools spend $11,958 per pupil for a total of $7.50 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1% of taxpayer income.
  • Iowa K-12 schools receive $510 million, or $813 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $3.93 billion or $6,266 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $2.96 billion or $4,719 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 1% of Iowa’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .07% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Iowa totals $7.40 billion or $11,798 per pupil.
  • Iowa saves $100 million or $160 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $28,349 per pupil, 20.63% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $2,274 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $727 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 16.42% of all funding.
  • 9.05% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Iowa’s 2-year community colleges spend 18.12% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Kansas

Kansas ranks 24th in K-12 schools spending and 26th in funding. Kansas schools are more dependent on state funding. Local property taxes fund Kansas schools; the difference between Kansas and other states is that the property tax funds are redistributed by the state first.  

  • K-12 schools spend $12,697 per pupil for a total of $7.75 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1.1% of taxpayer income.
  • Kansas K-12 schools receive $521.9 million, or $855 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $4.86 billion or $7,962 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $1.88 billion or $3,080 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 1% of Kansas’ taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .07% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Kansas totals $7.26 billion or $11,897 per pupil.
  • Kansas spends $490 million or $800 per pupil over its funding budget.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $18,295 per pupil, 35.05% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,761 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $960 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 24.44% of all funding.
  • 12.06% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Kansas’ 2-year community colleges spend 25.86% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

National Map: Public Postsecondary Spending Per Student

Public Education Spending in Kentucky

Kentucky K-12 schools rank 31st in spending but 39th in funding. Kentucky state bases their K-12 funding on the cost per student. The base cost per student is increased for students who have special needs or services.  

  • K-12 schools spend $11,397 per pupil for a total of $9.15 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1% of taxpayer income.
  • Kentucky K-12 schools receive $993.8 million or $1,238 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $4.75 billion or $5,916 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $3.06 billion or $3,811 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.9% of Kentucky’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to 0.1% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Kentucky totals $8.80 billion or $10,965 per pupil.
  • Kentucky spends $350 million or $432 per pupil over its funding budget.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $23,260 per pupil, 21.06% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,792 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $879 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 16.55% of all funding.
  • 6.15% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Kentucky’s 2-year community colleges spend 9.05% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Louisiana

Louisiana K-12 schools rank 29th in terms of spending and 31st in funding. The Minimum Foundation Program (MFP) is the primary source of state and local funding for schools in Louisiana. Local funding comes from property and sales tax, state funding from appropriations by the state legislature. 

  • K-12 schools spend $11,691 per pupil for a total of $8.32 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.8% of taxpayer income.
  • Louisiana K-12 schools receive $1.15 billion, or $1,621 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $3.94 billion or $5,536 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $4.04 billion $5,676 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Louisiana’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to 0.1% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Louisiana totals $9.13 billion or $12,833 per pupil.
  • Louisiana saves $810 million or $1,142 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $17,701 per pupil, 33.05% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,339 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $3,325 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 27.44% of all funding.
  • 9.61% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Louisiana’s 2-year community colleges spend 12% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Maine

Maine K-12 schools rank 13th in spending and 15th in funding. Locally, K-12 education makes up 48% of the budget in Maine municipal districts. In the state budget, K-12 education makes up 29% of the budget. 

  • K-12 schools spend $15,070 per pupil for a total of $2.72 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.9% of taxpayer income.
  • Maine K-12 schools receive $191.4 million, or $1,061 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $1.14 billion or $6,310 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $1.56 billion or $8,650 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.9% of Maine taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .06% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Maine totals $2.89 billion or $16,021 per pupil.
  • Maine saves $170 million or $951 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $12,708 per pupil, 32.15% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $903 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $773 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 26.25% of all funding.
  • 9.12% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Maine’s 2-year community colleges spend 17% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

National Map: Public Postsecondary Funding Per Student

Public Education Spending in Maryland

Maryland K-12 schools rank 15th in spending and 13th in funding. 1% of total funds is allocated for the Maryland School for the Deaf and the Maryland School for the Blind. Maryland follows the per pupil base amount model of funding. 

  • K-12 schools spend $14,644 per pupil for a total of $15.28 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.9% of taxpayer income.
  • Maryland K-12 schools receive $890 million, or $853 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $7.29 billion or $6,987 per pupil among its public schools.
  • Local funding totals $8.71 billion or $8,347 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.9% of Maryland taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .05% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Maryland totals $16.89 billion or $16,187 per pupil.
  • Maryland saves $1.61 billion or $1,543 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $20,539 per pupil, 28.57% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $2,365 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,388 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 23.32% of all funding.
  • 9.95% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Maryland’s 2-year community colleges spend 25.65% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Massachusetts

Massachusetts ranks 7th in K-12 school spending and 6th in funding. The state receives relatively little funding from the federal government. Massachusetts is one of many states that dictates how much municipalities should spend on education at a local level. 

  • Massachusetts K-12 schools spend $18,269 per pupil for a total of $18.96 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.8% of taxpayer income.
  • Massachusetts K-12 schools receive $849.7 million, or $819 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $8.05 billion or $7,757 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $10.74 billion or $10,349 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Massachusetts taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .04% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Massachusetts totals $19.64 billion or $18,925 per pupil.
  • Massachusetts saves $680 million or $656 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $11,073 per pupil, 34.70% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $839 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $636 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 27.06% of all funding.
  • 10.76% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Massachusetts’ 2-year community colleges spend 19.95% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Michigan

Michigan ranks 21st in K-12 school spending and 23rd in funding. The bulk of special education funding comes from local property taxes. New legislation proposes the state handle the majority of funding for new hires for the next two years before the responsibility is handed off to local districts. 

  • Michigan K-12 schools spend $13,072 per pupil for a total of $19.96 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.9% of taxpayer income.
  • Michigan K-12 schools receive $1.81 billion, or $1,185 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $11.7 billion or $7,662 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $7.24 billion or $4,742 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.9% of Michigan’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .08% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Michigan totals $20.75 billion or $13,589 per pupil.
  • Michigan saves $790 million or $517 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $33,815 per pupil, 25.05% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $3,149 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,134 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 23.72% of all funding.
  • 6.79% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Michigan’s 2-year community colleges spend 9.36% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Minnesota

Minnesota ranks 19th in K-12 school spending and 17th in funding. Most educational funding comes from the state government. The state education budget is set every two years. 

  • Minnesota K-12 schools spend $13,603 per pupil for a total of $14.79 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1% of taxpayer income.
  • Minnesota K-12 schools receive $727.7 million, or $669 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $8.86 billion or $8,149 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $4.12 billion or $3,789 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.9% of Minnesota’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .05% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Minnesota totals $13.71 billion or $12,607 per pupil.
  • Minnesota spends $1.08 billion or $2,496 per pupil over its funding budget. 
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $24,280 per pupil, 29.59% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,863 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding averages $5,691 per student.
  • Tuition accounts for 23.35% of all funding.
  • 11.69% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Minnesota’s 2-year community colleges spend 24.51% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Mississippi

Mississippi ranks 43rd in K-12 school spending and 50th in funding. Mississippi uses a hybrid resource based and student based formula to determine state spending. Each local district is expected to raise a certain amount for education based on its property value. 

  • Mississippi K-12 schools spend $9,654 per pupil for a total of $6.39 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1.2% of taxpayer income.
  • Mississippi K-12 schools receive $638.0 million, or $964 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $2.46 billion or $3,717 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $1.81 billion or $2,735 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Mississippi’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to 0.1% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Mississippi totals $4.91 billion or $7,416 per pupil.
  • Mississippi spends $1.48 billion or $2,238 per pupil over its funding budget.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $28,524 per pupil, 21.72% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $2,410 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,276 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 15.79% of all funding.
  • 7.73% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Mississippi’s 2-year community colleges spend 24.66% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Missouri

Missouri ranks 33rd in K-12 school spending and 30th in funding. Missouri uses a student based formula to determine how to allocate its funds. The categories of students who may receive extra funding are those who receive free or reduced lunch, have individualized education plans, or English language proficient. 

  • Missouri K-12 schools spend $11,249 per pupil for a total of $11.71 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.9% of taxpayer income.
  • Missouri K-12 schools receive $926.0 million, or $1,031 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $3.52 billion or $4,173 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $7.38 billion or $7,723 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Missouri’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .07% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Missouri totals $11.83 billion or $12,927 per pupil.
  • Missouri saves $120 million or $1,678 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $15,078 per pupil, 28.06% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $623 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $564 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 20.43% of all funding.
  • 15.41% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Missouri’s 2-year community colleges spend 16.19% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Montana

Montana ranks 26th in K-12 school spending and 38th in funding. The state lottery fund is also used for education; roughly 0.6% of state funds towards education came from the lottery. When interest and earnings from Montana’s school trust lands exceeds $56 million annually, the excess revenue is allocated towards school maintenance.  

  • Montana K-12 schools spend $12,105 per pupil for a total of $2.17 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.9% of taxpayer income.
  • Montana K-12 schools receive $253.6 million, or $1,415 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $871.8 million or $4,863 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $913.6 million or $5,096 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.7% of Montana’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to 0.1% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Montana totals $2.04 billion, or $11,374 per pupil.
  • Montana spends $130 million, or $731 per pupil over its spending budget.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $23,665 per pupil, 28.74% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $4,078 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $973 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 26.84% of all funding.
  • 9.10% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Montana’s 2-year community colleges spend 10.85% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Nebraska 

Nebraska ranks 22nd in K-12 school spending and 21st in funding. Besides property taxes, other sources of local funds include public power sales taxes, vehicle taxes, tuition fees, and transportation taxes. The state’s formula for determining funding calculates district need and district resources. 

  • Nebraska K-12 schools spend $13,004 per pupil for a total of $5.02 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1% of taxpayer income.
  • Nebraska K-12 schools receive $323.3 million, or $837 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $1.60 billion or $4,145 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $2.88 billion or $7,460 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.9% of Nebraska’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .06% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Nebraska totals $4.80 billion or $12,442 per pupil.
  • Nebraska spends $220 million or $562 per pupil over its funding budget
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $19,919 per pupil, 32.77% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $2,215 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,736 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 17.68% of all funding.
  • 10.24% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Nebraska’s 2-year community colleges spend 20.88% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Nevada

Nevada K-12 schools rank 47th in spending and 42nd in funding. Some of the proceeds from a marijuana excise tax is used to help fund schools state-wide. Nevada uses a per-pupil formula amount for each district to determine funding.   

  • Nevada K-12 schools spend $8,915 per pupil for a total of $4.39 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.6% of taxpayer income.
  • Nevada K-12 schools receive $443.8 million, or $901 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $1.85 billion or $3,765 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $2.91 billion or $5,906 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.7% of Nevada’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .06% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Nevada totals $5.20 billion or $10,572 per pupil.
  • Nevada saves $630 million or $1,657 per pupil in funds after spending. 
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $15,797 per pupil, 42% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,355 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $669 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 23.58% of all funding.
  • 5.53% of all postsecondary funding in Nevada comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.

Public Education Spending in New Hampshire 

New Hampshire K-12 schools rank 5th in spending and 12th in funding. Most funding comes from local sources.  New Hampshire uses a student-based funding formula similar to several other states. 

  • New Hampshire schools spend $18,952 per pupil for a total of $3.39 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.9% of taxpayer income.
  • New Hampshire K-12 schools receive $160 million, or $894 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $1.06 billion or $5,926 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $2.17 billion or $12,132 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of New Hampshire’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .04% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in New Hampshire totals $3.39 billion or $18,952 per pupil.
  • New Hampshire spends the same amount it receives in funds.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $5,789 per pupil, 31.74% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $422 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $320 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 37.01% of all funding.
  • 20.85% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • New Hampshire’s 2-year community colleges spend 15.31% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in New Jersey

New Jersey receives relatively little K-12 educational financing from the federal government. The state’s schools rank 4th in spending and in 2nd funding. New Jersey determines its funding on a base per pupil amount formula. 

  • New Jersey K-12 schools spend $20,630 per pupil for a total of $31.79 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1.2% of taxpayer income.
  • New Jersey K-12 schools receive $1.17 billion, or $759 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $13.99 billion or $9,079 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $17.19 billion or $11,155 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 1.1% of New Jersey’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .04% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in New Jersey totals $32.35 billion or $20,993 per pupil.
  • New Jersey saves $560 million or $363 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $20,937 per pupil, 31.11% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,387 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $889 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 28.36% of all funding.
  • 6.53% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • New Jersey’s 2-year community colleges spend 17.86% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in New Mexico

New Mexico K-12 schools rank 40th in spending and 35th in funding. Roughly half of New Mexico’s budget is allocated to K-12 funding. New Mexico’s funding formula is also based on the characteristics of the student rather than the location of the school.   

  • New Mexico K-12 schools spend $9,987 per pupil for a total of $3.33 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.8% of taxpayer income.
  • New Mexico K-12 schools receive $540.1 million, or $1,619 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $2.76 billion or $8,276 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $734.9 million or $2,203 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of New Mexico’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .01% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in New Mexico totals $4.04 billion or $12,098 per pupil.
  • New Mexico saves $710 million or $2,111 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $35,730 per pupil, 17.61% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $3,132 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,116 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 7.64% of all funding.
  • 2.25% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • New Mexico’s 2-year community colleges spend 19.31% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in New York 

New York is home to the largest K-12 public school system in the nation, with 2.70 million students enrolled in the New York City system. The state receives 10.1% of all educational funding for U.S. public primary schools. New York schools rank 1st in spending and 1st in funding.

  • New York K-12 schools spend $25,520 per pupil for a total of $78.21 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1.3% of taxpayer income.
  • New York K-12 schools receive $3.32 billion, or $1,083 per pupil from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $30.92 billion or $10,089 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $43.51 billion or $14,197 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 1.2% of New York’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .05% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in New York totals $77.75 billion or $25,369 per pupil.
  • New York spends $460 million or $151 per pupil over its funding budget.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $15,414 per pupil, 34.30% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $634 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,174 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 15.09% of all funding.
  • 3.90% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • New York’s 2-year community colleges spend 21.97% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in North Carolina

North Carolina ranks 41st in K-12 school spending and 45th in funding. The state consistently funds at least 60% of public school expenditures. Counties are responsible for the funding of building, maintaining, and equipping school facilities. 

  • North Carolina K-12 schools spend $9,958 per pupil for a total of $15.94 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.7% of taxpayer income.
  • North Carolina K-12 schools receive $1.61 billion, or $1,006 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $9.58 billion $5,985 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $4.34 billion or $2,711 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is 0.6% of North Carolina’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .07% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in North Carolina totals $15.53 billion or $9,702 per pupil.
  • North Carolina spends $410 million or $256 per pupil over its funding budget.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $20,288 per pupil, 32.89% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,851 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $646 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 15.73% of all funding.
  • 14.78% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • North Carolina’s 2-year community colleges spend 24% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in North Dakota

North Dakota K-12 schools rank 20th in spending and 17th in funding. North Dakota also follows a student-based funding formula. Each school district is expected to contribute $60 for every $1,000 of taxable property wealth.

  • K-12 schools spend $13,550 per pupil for a total of $1.54 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.2% of taxpayer income.
  • North Dakota K-12 schools receive $171.7 million, or $1,508 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $1.01 billion $8,895 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $618.4 million or $5,432 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.2% of North Dakota’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .02% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in North Dakota totals $1.80 billion or $15,835 per pupil.
  • North Dakota saves $260 million or $2,285 per pupil in funding after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $22,556 per pupil, 35.80% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $2,617 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,298 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 27.75% of all funding.
  • 8.57% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • North Dakota’s 2-year community colleges spend 9.49% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Ohio

Ohio K-12 schools rank 18th in spending and 19th in funding. The Ohio funding system allocates money based on where students are educated rather than where they live. State vs local share of funding is determined by assessed property value and income.

  • K-12 schools spend $13,805 per pupil for a total of $26.79 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1% of taxpayer income.
  • Ohio K-12 schools receive $1.74 billion, or $897 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $9.76 billion or $5,029 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $13.86 billion or $7,142 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.9% of Ohio’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .06% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Ohio totals $25.36 billion or $13,068 per pupil.
  • Ohio spending is $1.43 billion or $737 per pupil over its funding budget.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $22,505 per pupil, 26.95% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,088 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $952 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 24.38% of all funding.
  • 8.21% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Ohio’s 2-year community colleges spend 7.39% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Oklahoma 

Oklahoma K-12 schools rank 46th in spending and in funding. The state’s schools rely on state and local funding in roughly equal measure. Roughly 39% of the state budget goes toward K-12 education. 

  • K-12 schools spend $9,512 per pupil for a total of $7.15 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.9% of taxpayer income.
  • Oklahoma K-12 schools receive $762 million, or $1,014 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $3.43 billion, or $4,563 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $3.01 billion, or $4,004 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Oklahoma’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .09% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Oklahoma totals $7.20 billion, or $9,581 per pupil.
  • Oklahoma’s saves $50 million, or $69 per pupil in funding after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $22,694 per pupil, 30.86% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,851 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $2,180 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 22.82% of all funding.
  • 11.94% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Oklahoma’s 2-year community colleges spend 11.38% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Oregon

Oregon K-12 schools rank 30th in spending and 23rd in funding. Oregon decides its state budget for schools every 2 years. The state income tax, lottery fund, and property taxes are used to fund Oregon schools.  

  • K-12 schools spend $11,340 per pupil for a total of $6.91 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.7% of taxpayer income.
  • Oregon K-12 schools receive $577.8 million, or $948 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $4.48 billion or $7,356 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $3.43 billion or $5,625 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Oregon’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .06% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Oregon totals $8.49 billion or $13,929 per pupil.
  • Oregon saves $1.58 billion or $2,589 per pupil in funds after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $33,166 per pupil, 22.65% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $3,281 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,561 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 17.05% of all funding.
  • 7.40% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Oregon’s 2-year community colleges spend 19.16% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania K-12 schools rank 9th in spending and in funding. In 2020 to 2021, Pennsylvania’s fair funding formula was put on hold. Approximately 49% of the state budget goes to funding basic education.  

  • K-12 schools spend $17,142 per pupil for a total of $33.65 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1% of taxpayer income.
  • Pennsylvania K-12 schools receive $2.10 billion, or $1,070 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $13 billion or $6,622 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $18.62 billion or $9,485 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 1% of Pennsylvania’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .06% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Pennsylvania totals $33.72 billion or $17,177 per pupil.
  • Pennsylvania saves $70 million or $35 per pupil in funds after spending. 
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $22,331 per pupil, 24.98% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $2,086 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,005 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 27.56% of all funding.
  • 6.86% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Pennsylvania’s 2-year community colleges spend 8.42% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Rhode Island

Rhode Island K-12 schools rank 10th in spending and in funding. Rhode Island uses a student-based funding formula. Local funding comes only from property taxes. 

  • K-12 schools spend $17,024 per pupil for a total of $2.60 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1% of taxpayer income.
  • Rhode Island K-12 schools receive $197.8 million, or $1,295 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $1.03 billion or $6,744 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $1.35 billion $8,839 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.9% of Rhode Island’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .07% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Rhode Island totals $2.58 billion or $16,878 per pupil.
  • Rhode Island spends $20 million or $146 per pupil over its funding budget.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $10,393 per pupil, 33.39% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,005 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $463 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 34.55% of all funding.
  • 11.41% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Rhode Island’s 2-year community colleges spend 18.23% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in South Carolina

South Carolina K-12 schools rank 35th in spending and 27th in funding. In 2022 the governor of South Carolina proposed changed the funding base formula. He proposed changing to formula to one based on student-teacher ratios and minimum teacher salaries.  

  • K-12 schools spend $10,658 per pupil for a total of $8.32 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.8% of taxpayer income.
  • South Carolina K-12 schools receive $916.5 million, or $1,174 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $5.15 billion or $6,589 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $4.44 billion or $5,680 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.9% of South Carolina’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .08% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in South Carolina totals $10.51 billion or $13,443 per pupil.
  • South Carolina saves $2.19 billion or $2,785 per pupil in funding after spending.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $21,058 per pupil, 35.36% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,880 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $2,152 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 32.48% of all funding.
  • 10.68% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • South Carolina’s 2-year community colleges spend 16.17% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in South Dakota 

South Dakota K-12 schools rank 37th in spending and 44th in funding. South Dakota’s funding strategy is utilizes a resource-based formula. Students enrolled in career and technical education (CTE) fall under a special category in South Dakota’s Funding Policy.   

  • K-12 schools spend $10,234 per pupil for a total of $1.74 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.8% of taxpayer income.
  • South Dakota K-12 schools receive $240.6 million, or $1,415 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $583 million or $3,429 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $911 million or $5,358 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.7% of South Dakota’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to 0.1% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in South Dakota totals $1.73 billion or $10,202 per pupil.
  • South Dakota spends $10 million or $32 per pupil over its funding budget. 
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $16,977 per pupil, 34.42% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $2,042 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,177 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 27.72% of all funding.
  • 8.11% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • South Dakota’s 2-year community colleges spend 11.09% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Tennessee

Tennessee K-12 schools rank 45th in spending and 43rd in funding. Early in 2022 a new draft framework was released that would change the existing funding formula into a student based one. Under the new formula, their would be additional funding for student subgroups that are more difficult to teach than regular students.  

  • K-12 schools spend $9,546 per pupil for a total of $9.62 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.6% of taxpayer income.
  • Tennessee K-12 schools receive $1.17 billion, or $1,158 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $4.95 billion or $4,914 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $4.46 billion or $4,427 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.6% of Tennessee’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .07% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Tennessee totals $10.58 billion or $10,499 per pupil.
  • The difference between spending and funding is $960 million or $953 per pupil.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $14,680 per pupil, 40.05% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $875 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,074 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 23.06% of all funding.
  • 7.36% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Tennessee’s 2-year community colleges spend 18.77% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Texas 

Texas K-12 schools rank 44th in spending and 36th in funding. The Foundation School Fund is used exclusively to fund public education. The Foundation Fund is mostly funded by sales taxes, occupation taxes, and revenue.  

  • K-12 schools spend $9,613 per pupil for a total of $52.23 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.8% of taxpayer income.
  • Texas K-12 schools receive $6.67 billion, or $1,227 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $23.65 billion or $4,352 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $32.93 billion $6,060 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Texas’ taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to 0.1% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Texas totals $63.25 billion, or $11,639 per pupil.
  • The difference between spending and funding is $11.02 billion, or $2,026 per pupil.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $23,437 per pupil, 28% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,382 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,757 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 15.37% of all funding.
  • 4.29% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Texas’ 2-year community colleges spend 14.16% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Utah

Utah K-12 schools spend the least amount of money on students. Utah schools receive minimal federal funding, ranking 48th in overall funding. Most educational funding in Utah comes from the state government.

  • K-12 schools spend $7,478 per pupil for a total of $5.06 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.7% of taxpayer income.
  • Utah K-12 schools receive $455.1 million, or $672 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $3.40 billion or $5,023 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $2.22 billion or $3,278 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Utah’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .06% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Utah totals $6.08 billion or $8,973 per pupil.
  • The difference between spending and funding is $1.02 billion or $1,495 per pupil.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $18,849 per pupil, 16.55% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,535 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $509 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 11.75% of all funding.
  • 3.66% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Utah’s 2-year community colleges spend 3.10% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Vermont

Vermont K-12 schools rank 3rd in spending and 4th in funding. Vermont utilizes a student-based funding formula. The state also imposes an education property tax in lieu of districts raising funds for their schools. 

  • K-12 schools spend $21,314 per pupil for a total of $1.83 billion.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1.2% of taxpayer income.
  • Vermont K-12 schools receive $123 million, or $1,433 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $1.69 billion or $19,683 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $53.1 million or $618 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 1.5% of Vermont’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .08% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Vermont totals $1.87 billion or $21,734 per pupil.
  • The difference between spending and funding is $40 million or $420 per pupil.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $22,324 per pupil, 30.10% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $3,147 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,710 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 44.77% of all funding.
  • 12.19% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Vermont’s 2-year community colleges spend 3.66% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Virginia 

Virginia K-12 schools rank 23rd in spending and 28th in funding. The state receives very little educational financing from the federal government. Virginia uses a hybrid funding formula that incorporates student based and resource based strategies. 

  • K-12 schools spend $12,905 per pupil for a total of $18.44 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.8% of taxpayer income.
  • Virginia K-12 schools receive $1.12 billion, or $784 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $7.35 billion or $5,143 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $9.68 billion or $6,774 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Virginia’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .05% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Virginia totals $18.15 billion or $12,701 per pupil.
  • The difference between spending and funding is $290 million or $204 per pupil.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $19,927 per pupil, 30.32% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $1,784 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $522 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 25.63% of all funding.
  • 12.42% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Virginia’s 2-year community colleges spend 10.79% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Washington

Washington K-12 schools receive relatively little federal funding. The state ranks 16th in school spending and 18th in funding. State funding is divided into 3 categories; general purpose, special purpose, and capital grants. 

  • K-12 schools spend $14,556 per pupil for a total of $21.10 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1% of taxpayer income.
  • Washington K-12 schools receive $1.17 billion, or $807 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $14.18 billion or $9,782 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $4.74 billion or $3,270 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.9% of Washington’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .05% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Washington totals $20.09 billion or $13,859 per pupil.
  • The difference between spending and funding is $1.10 billion or $697 per pupil.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $28,987 per pupil, 30.53% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $3,568 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $2,821 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 19.37% of all funding.
  • 8% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Washington’s 2-year community colleges spend 3.39% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in West Virginia

West Virginia K-12 schools rank 28th in spending and 29th in funding. West Virginia utilizes a resource based formula. Each school district is expected to contribute a certain amount to school funds depending on the status of their property if they are agricultural, owner-occupied property, or other assessed local property. 

  • K-12 schools spend $11,757 per pupil for a total of $3.1 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.9% of taxpayer income.
  • West Virginia K-12 schools receive $383.9 million, or $1,433 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $1.95 billion or $7,266 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $1.19 billion or $4,443 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.9% of West Virginia’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to 0.1% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in West Virginia totals $3.52 billion, or $13,142 per pupil.
  • The difference between spending and funding is $420 million, or $1,385 per pupil.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $13,650 per pupil, 33.46% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $998 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,642 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 33.02% of all funding.
  • 12.07% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • West Virginia’s 2-year community colleges spend 7.42% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Wisconsin

Wisconsin K-12 schools receive relatively little from the federal government. The state ranks 25th in spending and 24th in funding. Almost half of funding for public schools comes from local property taxes. 

  • K-12 schools spend $12,466 per pupil for a total of $10.71 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 0.8% of taxpayer income.
  • Wisconsin K-12 schools receive $829.0 million, or $965 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $5.54 billion or $6,447 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $5.47 billion or $6,368 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 0.8% of Wisconsin’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .06% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Wisconsin totals $11.84 billion or $13,780 per pupil.
  • The difference between spending and funding is $1.13 billion or $1,314 per pupil.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $20,592 per pupil, 33.33% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $2,010 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $1,490 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 22.71% of all funding.
  • 7.03% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Wisconsin’s 2-year community colleges spend 37.29% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Public Education Spending in Wyoming

Wyoming state schools rank 11th in spending and 5th in funding. The state guarantees a certain amount of funds to each school district. If local sources on their own can’t reach the school district’s guaranteed level, the state will make up the difference, but if the school district makes more than the guaranteed amount, the state will recapture that extra amount to disperse it elsewhere.   

  • Wyoming K-12 schools spend $16,698 per pupil for a total of $1.76 billion annually.
  • Expenditures are equivalent to 1.2% of taxpayer income.
  • K-12 schools receive $138.2 million, or $1,311 per pupil, from the federal government.
  • State funding totals $962.6 million or $9,133 per pupil.
  • Local funding totals $725.8 million or $6,886 per pupil.
  • State and local funding is equivalent to 1.1% of Wyoming’s taxpayer income.
  • Federal education funding is equivalent to .09% of taxpayer income.
  • Funding for K-12 education in Wyoming totals $1.83 billion or $17,330 per pupil.
  • The difference between spending and funding is $70 million or $632 per pupil.
  • At the postsecondary level, colleges and universities spend $26,172 per pupil, 33.42% of which goes toward instruction.
  • Federal funding for postsecondary education averages $2,602 per student.
  • State funding, local, and private funding average $2,034 per student. 
  • Tuition accounts for 12.09% of all funding.
  • 6.17% of all postsecondary funding comes from sales and services of auxiliary enterprises.
  • Wyoming’s 2-year community colleges spend 53.43% of what its 4-year public colleges spend in a year.

Sources

  1. United States Census Bureau, Annual Survey of School System Finances
  2. National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), The Condition of Education
  3. NCES, Digest of Education
  4. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Statistical Resources
  5. United States Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis, Data
  6. UNESCO Institute for Statistics Database, Education Statistics
  7. United States Department of Education, Budget History Tables
  8. National Science Board, Science and Engineering Indicators: State Indicators